Terminology

We believe that it is important that our clients have an understanding about the World Wide Web. Feel free to browse the below list of words and definitions then take a quiz to check and enhance your knowledge (click here to check your knowledge):

ASP
1.
With regard to the World Wide Web, ASP is an acronym that stands for "Active Server Pages." ASP was created by Microsoft to dynamically-generate Web pages. In other words, when the content of a Web site can change automatically then that Web site is dynamic. Typically, with dynamic Web sites, page content and page layout are created separately. The content is usually retrieved from a database and is placed on a Web page only when needed or requested. The main benefit of a dynamic Web site is that it provides quicker page loading, and it allows for just about anyone, with limited or no Web design experience, to update their own Web site via an administrative tool. This set-up is ideal for those who wish to make frequent changes to their Web sites including text and image updates. Dynamic sites are also great for image galleries, online calendars, shopping carts, and other forms of e-commerce.


CSS

2.

CSS is an acronym for "Cascading Style Sheets," and it is a style sheet language used to describe the presentation semantics (that is, the look, feel, and formatting) of a Web page written in a markup language like HTML. CSS is designed primarily to enable the separation of document content (written in HTML or a similar markup language) from document presentation, including elements such as the layout, colors, images, and fonts. With CSS the Web page can improve content accessibility, provide more flexibility and control in the specification of presentation characteristics, enable multiple Web pages to share formatting, and reduce complexity and repetition in the structural content. CSS can be thought of as the "clothes" of a Web page.

DHTML

3.

DHTML or "Dynamic HTML" is a term used for a collection of technologies that create interactive and animated Web sites. Typically, DHTML refers to a combination of a static markup language (such as HTML), a client-side scripting language (such as JavaScript), a presentation definition language (such as CSS), and the Document Object Model for integrating the technologies in a Web browser. DHTML can be thought of as the "integration of the brains, skeleton, and clothes" of a Web page.

e-Commerce

4.

With regard to the World Wide Web, Electronic Commerce, is commonly known as online shopping, electronic marketing, e-commerce, or eCommerce, which consists of the buying and selling of products or services over the World Wide Web. e-Commerce is typically accomplished with a wide range of technologies including HTML, JavaScript, Java, CSS, SQL, PHP, and more.

e-Mail

5.

e-Mail is "electronic mail" (digital messages and attachments) sent from different types of technologies. e-Mail is commonly abbreviated as email or e-mail. There are many ways to obtain e-mail, two of the most common are having your Web site host its own e-mail, and the other is through the use of established e-mail providers like Yahoo! Today, e-Mail is ubiquitous as the telephone.

HTML

6.

The World Wide Web explosion started with HTML or the "Hypertext Markup Language." HTML is a language that provides a means to create structured Web pages by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, as well as for links, quotes, and other items. Images and other objects like Java Applets can be embedded into Web pages to create interactive forms. HTML uses elements called "tags" and these tags can incorporate JavaScript and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) to define the appearance and layout of text, images, and other material. HTML can be thought of as the "skeleton" of a Web page.

Java

7.

Perhaps one of the most important programming platforms ever created, Java is designed to run on multiple computers (Macs, Windows, Linux, telephones, televisions, DVD players, etc) and maintain a safe and secure environment. In other words, Java is safe and portable, which means that computer programs written in the Java language will also run similarly on any supported hardware/operating-system platform without vast modifications. Java is often used on Web servers (hosts) in order to provide interactive and intelligent Web sites. In addition, Java can be used to create Java Applets which provide interactive features that cannot be provided by HTML. Java and JavaScript are two different languages and function in very different ways. Java can be thought of as a "complete programming platform."

JavaScript

8.

JavaScript is a programming language primarily used to create interactive Web pages. Due to the phenomenal widespread success of JavaScript, Microsoft developed a compatible dialect of the language and called it Jscript. JavaScript and Jscript are compatible, and with the advent of Ajax, JavaScript has become one of the most commonly used languages for Web site development. JavaScript has been influenced by the Java programming language, but unlike Java, JavaScript is far easier for non-programmers to work with. JavaScript can be thought of as the "brains" of a Web page.

PHP

9.

Originally, the World Wide Web was made up primarily of static Web pages; the contents of the Web site did not change very much. Then PHP was invented and the World Wide Web was full of dynamically-generate Web pages. PHP, which stands for "Hypertext Preprocessor," is a widely used, general-purpose scripting language that was originally designed for Web development to produce dynamic Web pages. For this purpose, PHP code is embedded into the HTML document and interpreted by a Web server with a PHP processor module, which then generates the Web page document. PHP is similar to Microsoft's Active Server Pages (ASP), but PHP's main advantage is that it is free. PHP can be thought of as the "dynamic" essence of a Web site.

SQL

10.

SQL is an acronym for "Structured Query Language," and it is pronounced by people in the industry as "Ess-Queue-El" or if a person is referring to Microsoft's version then "SE-kwEL." SQL is a database computer language designed for managing data in relational database management systems. In essence, this means that a dynamic Web site uses SQL to store and retrieve the changing content of the Web pages. Typically, PHP or Java is used to obtain content by querying data from the database with SQL and then that data is used to build the Web page or perform an activity. SQL can be thought of as the "data storage language" of a Web site.

Web Browser

11.

A Web browser is a software application "program" used to retrieve, display, function, and traverse the World Wide Web. Typically a Web browser is installed on a person's computer or personal device. The Web browser requests content "data" from a Web host "server" and then displays the desired data if available. It is often important to create Web pages that display content and function on different types of Web browsers and different types of computers. However, different Web browsers may not be compatible with different types of content or functionality.

Web Design

12.

Is the art and science of the design, development, and modification of Web pages or Web sites. Typically Web design is used to create static or dynamic Web pages. Static Web pages are very useful for Web sites where the content "data" does not change very frequently. Dynamic Web pages adapt their content and/or appearance depending on the desired input or interaction of the Web page. Content can be changed on a person's personal computer or device through the use of "client-side" scripting languages (like JavaScript, JScript, etc.) to alter DOM elements of DHTML. Conversely, dynamic content is often created on the Web server "host" through the use of languages on the Web server (like PHP, Java, SQL, etc.). Both static and dynamic Web pages are typically used in complex applications and Web sites.

Web Host

13.

A Web host, also know as a "Web server," provides a service that allows individuals, companies, and organizations to make their own Web sites accessible via the World Wide Web. Typically, Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server (usually a powerful computer) that is either owned or leased for use to allow for, among other things, the creation of Web sites. Not all Web hosts are equal and great care should be taken to select the most efficient, affordable, and effective Web hosting service and configuration.

WWW

14.

WWW is an acronym for the "World Wide Web," and it is commonly referred to as "The Web." The World Wide Web is a world wide system of interlinked hypertext documents contained on the Internet. Using a Web browser, a person can browse Web pages that may contain hyperlinks, text, images, videos, data, and other forms of multimedia. Typically, the main reason to have a Web site is to make that site accessible to the World Wide Web.

XML

15.

XML is an acronym for "Extensible Markup Language," and it is a set of rules for encoding documents electronically. XML's design goals emphasize simplicity, generality, portability, and usability with the World Wide Web. Typically, dynamically-generate Web sites use XML to encode content. XML can be thought of as the "encoding format and data" of a Web site.


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